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At the beginning of its establishment, anesthetic unit of Andalas Univeristy/dr. M. Djamil general hospital was part of the surgery unit. Its establishment was inaugurated by the dean, dr. Soemanto and the director of M. Djamil general hospital, dr. Syamsir Djalil.  Its inauguration was attended by Prof. dr. Mohammad Kelan, the founder of Indonesian anesthesiology who served as the Head of anesthetic unit in the Faculty of Medicine, the University of Indonesia / Ciptomangunkusumo general hospital Jakarta. 


The forensic unit was founded in August 1964 by the Rector of Andalas University, Drs. Harun Zain, and the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, dr. Sulaiman Sastrawinata. From 1990 to 1995 the Head of Forensic unit was dr. Julius Djamil, Sp.S. From 1995 to 2009 the head of the department was dr. H. M. Husni Gani, Sp. F. The activities of forensic unit were still in the form of lectures and clinical works. In 2009, dr. H. M. Husni Gani retired. In 2002, there was a new staff member of the forensic unit, dr. Rika Susanti who was sent to the University of Indonesia to study in the forensic unit in 2004. She completed her study in 2007. In 2002, Dra. Hj. Daryati Mardja, Apt. joined the forensic unit after pharmaceutical unit of the Faculty of Medicine was officially closed down. In 2010, dr. Rika Susanti, Sp. F. was appointed as the head of Forensic unit. 



Internal Medicine 

Obstetric gynecology 


In 1970, dr. Hafid Ardy continued his specialty study in Jakarta. Later, in 1973, dr. Khalilul Rahman and dr. Nerwati Ibrahim were accepted as the assistants. iI 1976 they continued their study in Jakarta after finishing their previous study in Padang. The office was moved several times and it finally had a permanent room in 1977 with complete facilities and 50 beds, and a room for the educational purposes. 

Upon the return of dr. Hafid Ardy in 1977, the ophthalmology unit accepted two more assistants; they were dr. Muslim and dr. Syarif Amal. In 1980, upon the return of dr. Khalilul Rahman, the teaching staff for ophthalmology was considered complete. In 1981, the General Directorate of Higher Education conducted a site visit. As a result of DIKTI visit, the ophthalmology unit of Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University was acknowledged as the place for the Specialist Education Program of Ophthalmology with the Decree of General Director of Higher Education No. 054 / DJ / KEP / 1982. 

dr. H. Muslim and dr. Syarif Amal were the first graduates of the  Specialist Education Program of Ophthalmology (PPDS-1) of Faculty of Medicine who were inaugurated in July 1984. After that, the Specialist Education Program started to accept students. After that, dr. Ardizal Rahman, SPM. who was the director, became the teaching staff. However, he should follow a Compulsory Bachelor work for 2 years in East Timor. After he returned to the ophthalmology unit, he studied his specialty education. Currently, Ophthalmology Unit has 16 staff members.

Specialty education Program of Ophthalmology has passed 42 ophthalmologist s and some of them have become the teaching staff.

Gradually, teaching staff has undergone additional fellowship program to develop the sub-units, such as:

  • M. Hidayat, SPM (Neuro - Ophthalmology Fellowship in the UI)

  • Dr. Hexane, SPM (Vitreo Retina Fellowship in the UI)

  • Dr. Harmen, SPM (Glaucoma Fellowship in the UI)

  • Dr. Hendriati, SpM (K) (Reconstruction Fellowship in the UI)

  • Dr. Marjis, SPM (Fellowship of Phaco-emulsification at Padjadjaran University)

  • Dr. Sri Handayani MP, SPM (Fellowship Strabismus at Padjajaran University)

  • Dr. Weni Helvinda, SPM (Vitreo Retina Fellowship at Padjadjaran University) 

While, dr. Azmin Azizi, SPM has been planned for Pediatric Ophthalmology Fellowship in the near future.

In the last five years, there have been some staff retired. Prof. dr. H. Ibrahim, S, SPM (K) retired in 2002 at the age of 70, and re-invited as emeritus professor. Prof. dr. H. Marias Marianas, Sp. M (K) retired in 2002 at the age of 65 and by request of the unit, the retirement was extended to the age of 70. While Prof. dr. H. Hafid Ardy, Sp. M (K) passed away on June 20, 2004, at the age of 68. In 2009, two staff retired, they were dr. Muslim, Sp. M and dr. Syarif Yaskur Sp. M. By the request of unit, two of them are still involved in the teaching process at Ophthalmology unit. 

Ear, Nose, and Throat-Oncology 


Starting with an X-Ray radiogram, done by a Roentgen engineer in 1950, Roentgen checkup was underway, along with the establishment of Megawati hospital on Gereja street, Padang (Now, SMP Santa Maria). The result had been able to meet the doctors’  demand for X-ray checkup (lately the word "Roentgen" seemed to disappear from the repertoire of medical words, changed to the word" radiology "even to the word" imejing"). Then, gradually, having various kinds of X-Ray devices, the kinds of checkup have become various. If people used to be familiar only with the name "Mr. Ramli" as  the "expert" of Roentgen, then, since 1967 with the arrival of dr. Darwin Arsyad  (in the mid of 1960s), there were more radiology services provided, and the credibility of X-ray checkup automatically increased.

Moreover, since the staff of radiologist was strengthened by the arrival of dr. Khaidir Kasim in the 1970s, the capability of the unit of radiology increasingly challenged to grow, both as the educational institution and medical service institution. It could happen because of the status of the radiology unit was controlled by two institutions namely, general hospital of Health Department and the Faculty of Medicine of Andalas University. Today, this unit is referred to as the SMF and installation of Radio diagnostic Radiotherapy of dr. M. Djamil general hospital and as the unit of Radiology of Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University. It was seen from the status, administration of radiology unit, and the Faculty of Medicine, but, what about the human resources and the technology?

There is also significant development especially in terms of quantity of diagnostics and therapy advices. Today, the unit of Radio diagnostic-Radiotherapy (abbreviated as Installation of RDRT) does not have an MRI and angiography devices, which are very significant modern radiology facilities for a BI qualification of a "teaching hospital".

Until 2002, the diagnostic unit had a CT scan and mammography radiogram, Gamma camera, USG, BW and color doopler. 

The radiotherapy unit has also been equipped with Cobalt 60 radiogram simulators, TPS and Brakhiterapy. With the diversity of infrastructure facilities, diagnostic and therapeutic in the Radio diagnostic Radiotherapy unit is complete, so that it no longer needs to transfer patients from the central part of Sumatera to Jakarta or to run for help to Johor or Singapore. Since 1980s the nuclear medical service has been able to prove its credibility and services. It resulted from the vision and mission of dr. M. Djamil general hospital. It provide services, ranging from simple checkup such as "up take yodium and renogram" to the nuclear checkup, such as using Gamma camera, that is deemed to be difficult and sophisticated.

Since the late 1980s and early 1990s, the human of radiology was reinforced by two more radiologists, Dr. Mukhtazar Sp. Rad for diagnostics, and Dr. Risman Khamas, Sp.Rad, Onk who were responsible for administering the radiotherapy unit. The medium staff also was enough, some of them had been sent to a special training, both at home and abroad. In 2000 a new radiologist, Dr. Sylvia Rachman, Sp. Rad. joined the unit. 

After the death of Prof. dr. H. Darwin Rasyid (2000) and dr. H. Khaidir Kasim (2001), the recent medical radiologist staff  increased by the coming of dr. Rozzeti, SpRad. (2002) and dr. Lila Indrati, SpRad. (2009).

Meanwhile, for the nuclear medicine, the radiology department was strengthened by dr. Aisyah Elliyanti, Sp. KN, M. Kes. In 2006, dr. Muchtazar, SpRad. 

Other than the radiologist and nuclear medical specialist, staff of radiology unit is also strengthened by 4 general doctors, they are dr. Tuti Handayani, dr. Novita Ariani, dr. Yulia Kurniawati and dr. Dina Arfiani.who are now studying Specialty of radiology education program at Faculty of Medicine of the University of Indonesia.  

Dermatology and Venereology Program 

Dermatology and Venereology Program was established in 1956, and until 1975 was only led by a general practitioner. In the year 1964-1975, the lecturing activities were given by "part time lecturers" from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia in Jakarta and clinical work conducted in RSCM / FKUI. In early 1975, dr. M. Soedarto SpKK moved from Jakarta to Padang and was immediately appointed as the Head of Department. Mid-1976, dr. Zainal Hakim SpKK completed his expertise degree at FK-UNDIP Semarang and in late 1976 dr. Zulkarnain Makarim SpKK also completed his education at FKUI Jakarta.

In 1980 CHS Jakarta conducted a visitation for the possibility of opening expertise degree at FK-UNAND. It was decided by the CHS that FK. UNAND should seek an "adopted father", and in 1981 FKUI became the "adopted father" but the process of "adopted father and "adopted child" did not run well.

For the development of teaching staff, PPDS-I had to conduct a 2 year preliminary study at the Faculty of Medicine of Andalas University and 2 year study conducted at FK. UNDIP and FK. USU. In 1966 the relationship of "adopted father - Adopted child" with FKUI was renewed. In 1997, it was agreed that a preliminary study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine UNAND for 1 year, and it was continued at FKUI Jakarta. In 1999 it was agreed that a preliminary study at the Medical Faculty UNAND was conducted for 2.5 years, and it was completed at FKUI Jakarta. In 2000, it received 2 residents to study at FK. UNAND and they finished their study in Jakarta. In 2002, Dermatologist Venereology Program Faculty of Medicine Andalas University was officially opened. 

The management systems of Dermatology and Venereology Program Faculty of Medicine (FK) Andalas University (Unand) are organized based on documents of the statutes of UNAND and SOTK Unand as well as SOTK FK Unand.

  • The law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2003 on National Education System (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2003 Number 78, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4302);

  • The regulation of Indonesian Government No. 24 Year 1956 on the Establishment of Andalas University in Bukittinggi (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1956 Number 40, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1045);

  • The Regulation of Indonesian Government No. 4 Year 2014 on the Implementation of Higher Education;

  • Act No. 20 Year 2003 on National Education System;

  • Act No. 14 Year  2005 on Teachers and Lecturers;

  • Government Regulation No. 60 Year 1999 on Higher Education;

  • The Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 0429 / O / 1992 on the Status of Andalas University;

  • The Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 25 Year 2012 on the Organization and Work Procedure of Andalas University;

  • The Decree of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 076 / U / 1980 on Specialist Education Program I on March 10, 1980;

  • The Decree of the Minister of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia Number 58 / MPN.A4 / KP / 2011-2015 on the Appointment of Rector of Andalas University;

  • The Decree of Rector of Andalas University No. 543 / H6.1 / KP / 2010 on the Appointment of the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University 

Pulmonology Program 

The history of the establishment of Pulmonology PPDS FK Unand was started by the establishment of Pulmonology Section of FK Unand.

Pulmonology Section of Faculty of Medicine Andalas University was established in 1970 at the suggestion of the Consortium of Medical Sciences (CMS) that conducted visitation to the Faculty of Medicine, University of Andalas. This section was established based on the collaboration between the Faculty of Medicine Andalas University with Medical Clinic Center for Lung Disease (BP 4) in Bukittinggi which was headed by Prof. Dr. Ilyas, H. Dt Batuah (deceased). In addition to BP 4 Center, partnership also was made with  Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital Bukittinggi as the place for a pulmonary patient care. As a result, the Pulmonology Section Faculty of Medicine of Andalas University was located in Bukittinggi and students were sent to study and to have clinical practice there.

Prof. Ilyas started the pulmonologist education by appointing dr. Taufik as his first assistant, as well as dr. Herman Safar, dr. Yusrizal Chan, and dr. Zailirin. At that time, Pulmonology Specialist Education program was still using the old system where the decisions of educating specialists were submitted to their respective sections. In order to complete their experience in some sections which were not available at Faculty of Medicine Andalas, the participants were sent to the Department of Pulmonology at Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, in Jakarta. After completing pulmonary specialty, Dr. Taufik SpP, Dr. Herman Safar SpP, Yusrizal Dr. Chan and Dr. Zailirin YZ., SpP joined Prof. Ilyas as the teaching staff at the Pulmonology Section of FK Unand.

After Prof. Ilyas, H. Dt Batuah retired from BP 4 center, and then BP 4 was moved to Lubuk Alung, Pulmonology Section remained at  Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital in Bukittinggi that already had a polyclinic and an adequate Lung Disease ward.

Then, pulmonary specialist was temporarily closed. Then  Prof. Dr Rasmin SpP who was the chairman of the Pulmonology Section of FKUI, encouraged dr. Taufik SpP and colleagues at the Faculty of Medicine Unand to establish Center of Lung Studies. The plan was supported by the dean of the Faculty of Medicine Unand, dr. Khamardi Thalut SpB. Thus the first visitation by central team, and from the results of the visitation, Pulmanology Section of FK Unand was recommended to resupply the deficiencies of existing facilities and proposed that the teaching staff of pulmonology of FK Unand to have refreshing to the Pulmonology FK UI.

After fulfilling all shortages and the entire staff has done the refreshing in Jakarta then Pulmonology Section of FK Unand was mandated to start PPDS Lung study. In that period, Pulmonology FK Unand was appointed to conduct early education of Pulmonology FK UI. Participants of Pulmonology PPDS FK UI who did their early education at Pulmonology FK Unand were Dr. Azizman Saat, Dr. HM Ali Anafiah and dr Iskandar and subsequently, their education was continued at the pulmonology FK UI. To improve the experience of the teaching staff, Pulmonology FK Unand then made a partnership between Persahabatan Hospital and Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital Bukittinggi which at that time was the center of pulmonology studiesof FK Unand. The partnership was in the field of thoracic surgery and lasted about 3 years which all patients of lung disease had pre surgical and post-operation conducted at the pulmonology section of Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital Bukittinggi. Surgery cases to be operated were presented at the Pulmonology FK UI/Persahabatan Hospital Jakarta. The surgery was performed at Ahmad Muchtar General Hospital Bukittinggi by a team from Jakarta that was chaired by Prof. dr. Ismid SpBT (deceased).

In 1992 by the decree of the Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University, Pulmonology Section that was previously located in RSU Ahmad Moechtar Bukittinggi was relocated to Central General Hospital Dr. M Djamil Padang and since 1989 it had had their own polyclinic and lung disease ward. But Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital Bukittinggi was still used as a hospital network for the educational part of Pulmonology Section of Faculty of Medicine Andalas University.

After these all and from discussions with Pulmonology FKUI / Persahabatan Hospital, Pulmonology FKUI recommended Pulmonology FK Unand to start pulmonologist specialty program by recruiting the candidates and finishing their study at UNAND. It was suggested that UNAND submitted a proposal to the Higher Education General Directorate.

After the proposal was submitted, DIKTI held a visitation to Pulmonology section of Medicine Faculty Andalas University in Padang and and Ahmad Moechtar General Hospital Bukittinggi. After a long and tiring struggle, Pulmonology Section of Faculty of Medicine Andalas University through Decree of Director General of Higher Education No. 357 / DIKTI / KP / 1998 finally was recognized as the center of Medical Specialty Education Program - I (PPDS- I)

In 1999 Pulmonology department began its new chapter by admitting Dr. Dewi Wahyu Fitrina and dr. Nilas Warlem.  In 2004 Pulmonology FK Unand passed dr. Oea Khairsyaf SpP as the first graduate in which his entire study was conducted at the Pulmonology department, UNAND. 

Until now PPDS - I Pulmonology FK UNAND has passed 21 new pulmonary specialists and there are 38 residents who are currently studying. 

Cardiology and Vascular Medicine Department 

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine Faculty of Medicine UNAND was inaugurated on January 29, 2005 by Rector of UNAND and was attended by the Ministry of Health. The collegiums Science of Cardiology officially stated that Cardiology and medicine Vasculer division UNAND became the Guided Studies Center in February 2006 with FKUI as the supervisor. It had experiences in teaching PPDS Internist and Pulmonologist division since 2005 (8 Semesters).  

An agreement had been signed by both institutions to ensure mutual help in order to improve the quality of education by using the curriculum designed by collegiums Science of Cardiology and vascular of Indonesia.

There were 15 teaching staff and 10 people are SpJP (3 Professors 5 Associate Professors and 2 assistants). There are 10 Candidates on study - leave. It has adequate educational facilities. There is 85% of the curriculum modules could be applied at Unand and in the year 2010 it was expected to be 95%. In 2011 it was 100% applied. As a result 

  1. New emergency room was planned to be completed in 2009.

  2. Cardiac surgery staff was provided from Jakarta and Cardiac Surgery Human Resources was hoped to be complete by the end of the year 2009-2010.

  3. Equipment / Electrophysiology Human Resource was planned to be obtained by the year 2010-2011.

In the beginning of 2009, it had to be independent; therefore, 3 incomplete teaching modules were expected to be set based on the partnership agreement with the FKUI.  Electrophysiology Module was not yet necessary used within 4 semesters onward.  Supervisor agreed that for the module that could not be applied at FK. Unand would be informed 6 months earlier by FKUI.  

Neurology Health Sciences

Neurology as part of Faculty of Medicine, University of Andalas has a historical series that was almost inseparable with Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang. Physical Construction of Neurology had been established in 1968 in Dr. M. Djamil Hospital with 50 beds capacities, but at that time it could not be operated yet since there was no neurologists and that wards were utilized by the Child Health Department for a while. In April 1974 the Neurology section,Faculty of Medicine Andalas University/ Dr. M. Jamil Hospital was inaugurated when Dr. Nasrul Idris completed his education at the Faculty of medicine Indonesian University majoring in neurological diseases. He immediately served as the first Chief of Neurology science.

At that time, the daily activities were mostly focused on neurological clinic, due to neurological disease wards were still occupied by the Child Health Department. While hospitalize patients were treated in two different depatments, namely the Department of Internal Medicine for non-trauma cases, and the Department of Surgery for head trauma cases. The clinical work (Ko-Schaap) for the students in A.I and A.II level had already begun and Faculty of Medicine Andalas University was no longer sending the students to undergo their clinical neurology to the Faculty of Medicine Indonesian University.

The development of Neurology section continued. It already got a room for hospitalized patients in April 1975 with 22 beds capacities. The room was the former space which previously used by the Department of Internal Medicine as a special clinic. Inpatient treatment was done in a ward with 11 beds for male and 11 beds for female. Some beds was for VIP in Embun Pagi Pavilion. Outpatient services were performed in the clinic which opened in every working day. Every Friday, it provides special services with electroencephalography (EEG) for epilepsy cases. In 1981 a new building for new inpatients was completed with 24 beds for class III, and 10 beds for class II and first class treatment in Embun Pagi Pavilion.

In April 1975 Dr. Basjiruddin Ahmad was admitted as doctor assistant. He previously was the staff of Microbiology Section Faculty of Medicine Andalas University. In February 1977, two more doctor assistants, Dr. Syamsir Mukhtar (From health department) and Dr. Julius Djamil (previously the staff member of the Medical Justice, Faculty of Medicine Andalas University) were accepted. Dr. Basjiruddin continued his education at the Department of Neurology Faculty of Medicine Indonesian University in October 1976 and completed his study in 1979.  Dr. Syamsir Mukhtar continued his education in March 1978 and completed it in 1981. Then Dr. Julius Djamil continued his education in June 1978 and completed it in 1982. Thus Neurology Section Faculty of Medicine Andalas University had four (4) teaching staffs.

On October 6th, 1984, Head of Neurology,Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University sent a letter to the Head of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Indonesian University (Prof. Dr. Soemargo Sastrodiwirjo, DSS) to express an interest in exploring the feasibility to open The Specialty Education Program-1 of Neurology science at Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University. The intention was met with a reply letter dated October 25, 1984, which expressed the willingness of the Chief of the Neurology section together with the Chairman of the Study Program, Dr. Soemarmo Markam, DSS to do a visitation in November 1984. On their arrival on 22 November 1984, there was also a talk with the Director of Dr. M. Djamil Hospital (Dr. Imbalo S. Pohan, MPH) and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine (Dr. Havid Ardy) on the issue of educational facilities. On 23 November 1984 the site visit was continued to Neurology Section Ahmad Mochtar Hospital in Bukittinggi, which has been used by the Medical Faculty Andalas University as the education field. The head of the Neurology section Ahmad Mochtar Hospital that time was Dr. Syamsir Mukhtar, DSS.

After the visitation about the completeness of facilities and infrastructure to support the education, the team decided that Neurology section Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University was allowed to educate participants of PPDS-1 for four first half semesters started in 1986, then it was to be continued in the next four semesters at Neurology Section, Faculty of Medicine, Indonesian University, with the requirement that PPDS-1 candidates passed the examination which was held by Faculty of Medicine, Indonesian University. However, the new PPDS candidates were available in 1987. Therefore, it was in 1987 the specialized education in neurological diseases began. The first participant of PPDS was Dr. Hadril Busudin. Other PPDS who underwent similar education as follows:

  • Dr. Roezwir (now in Lampung Hospital)

  • Dr. Amilus Ismail ( Ahmad Mochtar Hospital, Bukittinggi)

  • Dr. Hasmi (Bengkulu Hospital)

  • Dr. Yus Kasim (Koja Hospital)

  • Dr. Ridwan (Pasar Rebo Hospital)

  • Dr. Yuliarni Syafrita

  • Dr. Yetti Ramli (Staf at Faculty of Medicine Indonesian University /Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital)

  • Dr. Yulson (Solok Hospital)

  • Dr. Syarif Indra

In January 2000, the sending of PPDS participants to Faculty of Medicine, Indonesian University was stalled in line with the enactment of the new curriculum policy in PPDS, that was also the implementation of  double Degree program since the beginning of education. From that moment there was no admission for PPDS residents in the Department of Neurology Faculty of Medicine Andalas University / Dr. M. Djamil Hospital. However, in 2005 a new era of educational programs of PPDS in Neurology Section began with the opening of independent PPDS program for Neurology science. There have been17 participants until now.

The recruitment of new teaching staff began to be considered after the death of Dr. Syamsir Mukhtar, DSS (August 1988), followed by Dr. Nasrul H. Idris, DSS (August 1989). There were only two staff members left. As the Head of Neurology Section, Dr. Basjiruddin, DSS negotiated with the Head of Neurology Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia (Prof. Dr. Soemarmo Markam, DSS) for the possibility of adding new staff, and he promised to add one more staff in the near future. In the middle of 1990, Indonesian Health Department placed Dr. Hardy AR, DSS in Neurology Section, Ahmad Mochtar Hospital Bukittinggi to replace Dr. Syamsir Mukhtar, DSS. In 1993 three more staff members arrived, namely Dr. Darwin Amir, Sp.S (January 1993), Dr. Hadril Busudin, Sp.S (March 1993) and Dr. Meiti Frida, Sp.S (September 1993) to be placed in DR. M. Djamil Hospital. In August 1996 Dr. Siti Hanafi, Sp.S also joined with  DR. M. Djamil Hospital. For the next period, it successively admitted Dr. Amilus Ismail, Sp.S (1998, at Dr. Ahmad Mochtar Hospital Bukittinggi), Dr. Yuliarni Syafrita, Sp.S (at 1999, in Dr. M. Djamil Hospital), Dr. Yulson, Sp.S (2002, at Solok General Hospital), and Dr. Sharif Indra, Sp.S (2002,  at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital)

Thus, after the recruitment of some new teaching staff, the educational process could run better since the teaching load of Neurological deseases specialist in West Sumatera could be distributed optimally, especially those residing in Padang city. The lecturers of Neourology science also teach at Faculty of Medicine of Private University and some Nursing academies (public and private). 

 Psychiatric Sciences 

 Odontology and Mouth 

The existence of dental and oral diseases section at Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University could not be separated from the existence of Drg. Tan Koan Kiat (1960-1968) until his retirement. He also gave the lectures at that time. After his retirement, the head of this section is replaced by Drg. R. Soeparto (1968-1972) and whenDrg. R. soeparto retired, the head of this section was replaced by drg. Noor Hamid (1972-1984).

In early November 1984, drg. Noor Hamid passed away. A leadership vacuum happened about three weeks in this section, but the remain of the dentists still educated and guided Co Schap students. Drg Hartini Shah was appointed as the chairperson of UPF Dental and Oral which automatically she was also as the chairman of Dental and Oral Pathology (Period 1984-1999). In 1983-1984 there was no more lectures on Oral and Dental Health.

In 1985, dr. Hafid Ardi Sp.M, as chairman of the Sub-Professional Program, invited dentists from dental and oral section to be an adjunct lecturer at the Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University. They were Drg. Hartini Shah, drg. Bahder Grill, drg. Nurchyati, to supervise the Co.schap students of Medical Faculty. In the late of 1985 and early 1986, two dentists were sent to Medical faculty as the permanent lecturer to be the staff of The Dental and Oral section.

In 1989-1991, drg. Mustafa continued his master degree at the Faculty of Dentistry, Gajah Mada University. Then drg. Isnindiah Koermiati took Oromrxillo Focial Surgery education in University of Kliniken Mainz Germany (1990-1993). During those years, the students of Medical Faculty who did co Schap in dentistry  had increased from five to ten students and there were about 20  students for specialty. In 1992-1993 three more adjunct lecturers was recruited, so that the department had six lecturers. At that time, there was no lectures in oral and dental health section.The duration time for Co Schap was 5 weeks. (First week was used to give  guidance for the Co Schap).

In 1999, the Head of Dental and Oral was replaced by drg. Haryadi Mangkuto SpBM (1999-2003), then drg. Riflaini was appointed as the Chairman of Dental and Oral sectionfor the period of 2003 until now.

In 1999-2004, drg. Isnindiah Koermiati continued her study to Post Graduate Program of Medical Education at Airlangga University Surabaya. In 2010 drg. Mustafa Noer, MS also continued his study on PhD level in the Medical Faculty Andalas Univerisity majoring in Biomedical, especially in dental and oral section. It almost finished since all the Co Schap who studied conventionally almost graduated.

The peak of Co Schap students in dental and oral section was around 2007-2008, in which there were almost 30 students in one periode of Co Schap that was around four weeks.


Booklet Unand